Home Volkswagen Repair VW GTI, Golf, Jetta: 1985-92 Manual

Volkswagen GTI, Golf, Jetta Service Manual: 1985-1992

Volkswagen repair manual index:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Subjects are indexed by section number, followed by page number(s) within the section where the subject can be found. For example 1:4 refers to section 1 FUNDAMENTALS, page 4.

WARNING ?

  • Automotive service and repair is serious business. You must be alert, use common sense, and exercise good judgement.
  • Before beginning any work on your Volkswagen, thoroughly read all the Cautions and Warnings listed near the front of this manual.
  • Always read the complete procedure before you begin the work Pay special attention to any Cautions and Warnings that accompany that procedure, or other information on a specific topic.

    A

    ABS
    see Anti-lock braking system

    Accelerator cable
    automatic transmission
    see Automatic transmission
    manual transmission
    see Fuel system, diesel or Fuel system, gasoline

    After-run
    see Cooling system

    Air conditioning
    compressor 13:40
    general description 13:4
    inspections and tests 13:41
    performance test 13:42
    refrigerant charge checking 13:41
    safety features 13:4
    system description 13:40
    technical data (summary) 13:42

    Air filter
    see Filters

    Alignment
    see Wheels, tires and alignment

    Alternator and voltage regulator
    brushes and voltage regulator 14:13
    fundamentals 1:11
    noisy alternator 14:13
    removing and installing alternator and voltage regulator 14:13
    testing 14:12

    Antenna 13:8

    Anti-freeze
    see Cooling system

    Anti-lock braking system (ABS) 12:6
    bleeding brakes 12:14
    components 12:19
    fundamentals 1:11
    fuses and relays 12:19
    hydraulic modulator 12:7
    removing and installing 12:19
    troubleshooting 12:10
    wheel speed sensors 12:6,19

    ATF
    see Automatic transmission fluid

    ATF pump
    see Automatic transmission

    Automatic shift lock
    see Automatic transmission

    Automatic transmission
    accelerator and throttle cables 10:12
    adjusting 10:13
    ATF pump 10:5
    automatic shift lock 10:10, 14
    adjusting 10:14
    control cables, removing and installing 10:12
    controls 10:10
    diagnostic tests 10:9
    pressure test 10:10
    stall speed test 10:9
    external adjustments 10:13
    final drive 10:6
    general description 10:4
    hydraulic controls 10:6
    identification codes and
    specifications 10:6
    maintenance 10:6
    oil seals 10:18
    drive flange oil seals 10:19
    torque converter oil seal 10:18
    planetary gear system 10:5
    selector lever cable 10:12
    adjusting 10:13
    specifications 10:20
    stall speed 10:9
    technical data (summary) 10:20
    tightening torques 10:20
    torque converter 10:5
    transaxle assembly 10:15
    removing and installing 10:15
    troubleshooting 10:7
    2nd gear brake band adjusting 10:15

    Automatic transmission fluid
    checking and filling 2:27
    draining and replacing 2:27

    B

    Ball joints
    see Suspension

    Battery 14:4, 9
    charging 2:20, 14:10
    checking 2:19
    cleaning 2:19
    fundamentals 1:11
    hydrometer testing 14:9
    load voltage testing 14:10
    open-circuit voltage test 14:10
    replacing 2:20
    specific gravity of electrolyte
    at 80F (27C) 14:10
    testing 14:9
    troubleshooting 14:7

    Body
    assembly materials 13:40
    bumpers
    removing and installing 13:34
    central locking system
    see Central locking system
    doors 13:21
    assembly 13:22
    front body 13:31
    grille, removing 13:31
    fundamentals 1:4
    general description 13:4
    handles and locks 13:23
    headliner 13:20
    hood lock cable 13:35
    maintenance 13:5
    plastic bumper cover
    removing 13:35
    rear lid and hatchback 13:36
    trim, removing and installing 13:33

    Body, interior
    instrument cluster 13:4
    instrument panel 13:4
    lights
    see Lights, interior maintenance 13:5
    seat belts
    see Seat belts seats
    see Seats, trim 13:22
    troubleshooting 13:5

    Bolt tightening torque
    fundamentals 1:14

    Brake fluid
    see Brakes

    Brake lights
    see Lights, exterior

    Brakes
    ABS, see Anti-lock braking system anti-lock brakes
    see Anti-lock braking system
    applications and identification 12:7
    bleeding 12:14
    brake lines 12:4
    diagnostic tests 12:9
    disc brakes
    see Brakes, rear disc
    or Brakes, front disc
    drum brakes
    see Brakes, rear drum dual-diagonal braking system
    description 12:4
    fluid 2:11, 12:14
    replacing 12:16
    flushing 12:16
    fundamentals 1:10
    general description 12:4
    maintenance 12:7
    master cylinder 12:4
    removing and installing 12:17
    noise 12:9
    parking brakes 12:4
    pressure regulator description 12:4
    testing 12:18
    proportioning valves
    description 12:4
    pressure testing 12:18
    technical data (summary) 12:37
    tightening torques 12:37
    tolerances 12:37
    troubleshooting 12:7
    vacuum booster 12:4
    removing and installing 12:18
    wear limits 12:37

    Brakes, front disc 12:4, 20
    calipers 12:25 pad wear
    checking 12:22 pads
    removing and installing (all except 16V models) 12:22
    16V models (up to 1988) 12:22
    16V (from 1989) 12:23
    reconditioning 12:22
    rotors, removing, reconditioning and installing 12:24

    Brakes, rear disc 12:30
    calipers 12:36
    pad wear
    checking 12:30
    pads
    removing and installing
    (to early 1988) 12:31
    (from late 1988) 12:32
    parking brake 12:34
    adjusting 12:35
    replacing cable 12:35
    reconditioning 12:30
    rotors, removing, reconditioning, and installing 12:34

    Brakes, rear drum 12:4, 25
    lining wear
    checking 12:27
    parking brake 12:29
    adjusting 12:29
    replacing cables 12:30
    reconditioning 12:27, 29
    shoes
    removing and installing 12:27
    wheel cylinder
    inspecting and replacing 12:29

    Bumpers see Body

    C

    Camber
    see Wheels, tires, alignment

    Camshaft
    axial play 3:26
    drive belt
    gasoline engines 3:12
    diesel engines 6:14
    oil seal 3:14
    removing and installing 3:18

    Cam followers
    adjusting (early turbo diesel only) 3:16
    hydraulic 3:19

    Catalytic converter
    see Exhaust system

    Central locking system 13:25,14:29
    bi-pressure pump 13:26
    door activators 13:26
    gas tank flap activator 13:27
    rear lid activator 13:26
    troubleshooting 13:25

    Child restraint tethering see Seat belts

    CIS (continuous injection system) air flow measurement and fuel metering 5:34
    air flow sensor 5:34
    applications-identifying features 5:5
    auxiliary air regulator 5:41
    cold running enrichment 5:39
    cold start enrichment 5:37
    control pressure regulator
    testing and replacing 5:39
    fuel distributor 5:35
    fuel injectors
    see Fuel injectors fuel pressure
    control pressure 5:44
    residual pressure 5:45
    system pressure 5:43
    tests and specifications 5:42
    general description 5:4
    idle air bypass adjustment 5:40
    idle specifications (rpm and % CO) 5:45
    idle speed 5:39
    idle speed boost valve 5:42
    throttle valve basic adjustment 5:34
    troubleshooting 5:6

    CIS-Electronic (CIS-E) and CIS-E Motronic 5:46
    air flow measurement and fuel metering 5:47
    basic adjustments 5:49
    air flow sensor 5:49
    applications-identifying features 5:5
    cold start enrichment 5:55
    diaphragm pressure regulator 5:23
    differential pressure regulator 5:54
    electrical tests, CIS-E 5:61
    after-start and cold running
    enrichment 5:61
    cold acceleration enrichment 5:62
    control unit inputs 5:63
    deceleration fuel shutoff 5:63
    full-throttle enrichment 5:63
    electrical tests, CIS-E Motronic 5:65
    after-start, warm-up and cold
    acceleration enrichment 5:65
    air flow sensor potentiometer 5:67
    control unit inputs 5:67
    coolant temperature sensor 5:66
    deceleration fuel shut-off 5:66
    fault diagnosis
    CIS-E Motronic 5:11
    fuel distributor 5:51
    fuel injectors
    see Fuel injectors
    fuel pressure tests and specifications 5:69
    general description 5:4
    idle air bypass adjusting 5:58
    idle air stabilizer valve 5:59
    duty cycle, adjusting 5:59
    idle speed
    adjusting 5:57
    specifications 5:72, 5:87
    throttle switches 5:48
    throttle valve basic adjustment 5:47
    troubleshooting 5:7

    Cleanliness
    fundamentals 1:14

    Clutch
    see also Manual transmission and clutch fundamentals 1:8

    Cold start system (diesel) 6:13

    Cold start valve (gasoline)
    see listing for appropriate fuel system

    Compression test 2:18

    Constant velocity (CV) joints
    see Suspension

    Continuous injection system
    see CIS or CIS-Electronic (CIS-E) and CIS-E Motronic

    Coolant temperature warning light
    see Emergencies

    Cooling system
    anti-freeze-to-water proportions 4:7
    coolant 2:11
    level, checking 2:22
    draining and filling 4:7
    coolant pump 4:4
    inspecting and replacing 4:9
    diagnostic tests 4:5
    fundamentals 1:6
    general description 4:4
    inspecting 2:22
    maintenance 4:4
    pressure testing 4:5
    radiator 4:4
    removing and installing 4:12
    radiator cooling fan 4:4, 10
    after-run system 4:11
    fan, testing 4:10
    removing and installing 4:11
    switching temperatures 4:10
    thermoswitch, testing 4:10
    service 4:6
    technical data (summary) 4:12
    temperature gauge and sending unit quick-check 4:6
    thermostat 4:4
    removing and installing 4:8
    testing 4:8
    tightening torques 4:12
    troubleshooting 4:4

    Cruise control 14:30
    troubleshooting 14:32

    Current flow diagrams
    general description 15:6
    how to read 14:5
    index of 15:1
    symbols used in 15:7
    terminal and circuit identification 14:6

    D

    Diesel
    ECO
    see listings for individual
    components and systems fuel filter, draining 2:19
    fuel water separator 2:18
    glow plug system
    general description 8:5
    relay, checking 8:30
    glow plugs, testing and replacing 8:29
    voltage checks 8:30
    turbocharger
    see Turbocharger

    Diesel injection pump
    see Fuel system, diesel

    Differential
    see Manual transmission and clutch

    Digifant I engine management system air flow sensor 5:88
    cold-start and cold running
    enrichment 5:88
    coolant temperature sensor 5:88
    electrical tests 5:90
    fault diagnosis 5:86
    fuel injectors
    electrical tests 5:90
    see also Fuel injectors
    fuel pressure tests and specifications 5:91
    general description 5:5
    idle air stabilizer valve 5:88
    idle mixture (% CO)
    specifications 5:89
    idle speed
    specifications 5:89
    intake air preheat system 5:88
    oxygen sensor system, testing 7:19
    pressure regulator, replacing 5:83
    technical data (summary) 5:94
    throttle valve basic adjustment 5:88
    throttle valve vacuum hoses 5:88
    troubleshooting 5:14

    Digifant II engine management system air flow sensor 5:75
    cold start and cold running enrichment 5:77
    coolant temperature sensor 5:77
    electrical tests 5:80
    fault diagnosis (California only) 5:85
    fuel injectors
    see Fuel injectors
    fuel pressure tests and specifications 5:82
    full-throttle switch 5:80
    general description 5:5
    idle air stabilizer valve 5:79
    idle switch 5:80
    idle mixture specifications (% CO) 5:83
    idle speed 5:78
    intake air preheat system 5:77
    oxygen sensor system, testing 7:19
    pressure regulator
    replacing 5:83
    technical data (summary) 5:87
    throttle valve
    basic adjustment 5:76
    idle and full-throttle switches 5:80
    troubleshooting 5:14

    Disc
    see Brakes, front disc
    or Brakes, rear disc

    Distributor, fuel
    see CIS or CIS-Electronic (CIS-E) and CIS-E Motronic

    Distributor, ignition
    see Ignition system

    Doors
    see Body

    Drivetrain fundamentals 1:7
    see also Manual transmission and clutch

    Dual-diagonal braking system
    see Brakes

    E

    ECO diesel
    see listings for individual components and systems

    EGR
    see Exhaust gas recirculation system

    Electrical system
    air conditioning 14:27, 28
    alternator
    see Alternator battery
    see Battery
    charging system 14:11
    see also Alternator
    circuit numbering, DIN standard 14:7
    current drain testing 14:12
    defogger, rear window 14:28
    fresh air blower 14:27
    fundamentals 1:11
    fuse/relay panel
    see Fuse/relay panel
    general description 14:4
    heating and ventilation 14:4, 27
    ignition (diesel glow plugs)
    see Diesel ignition (gasoline)
    see Ignition system maintenance 14:5
    power windows 14:30
    rear window defogger 14:28
    regulator
    see Alternator relays
    see Fuse/Relay panel starter 14:4
    starting system
    see Starting system terminal numbering 14:7
    troubleshooting 14:5
    voltage regulator
    see Alternator

    Electrical testing
    fundamentals 1:16
    see also Electrical system

    Electrical wiring diagrams
    see Current flow diagrams

    Emergencies 1:25
    car will not start 1:26
    coolant temperature warning light
    overheating 1:27
    dim lights 1:27

    Engine
    aligning
    see Engine and transaxle assembly codes, identification 3:6
    connecting rods 3:36
    crankshaft and intermediate shaft 3:38
    oil seal, front, replacing 3:35
    cylinder block and pistons 3:34
    disassembly, assembly, and reconditioning 3:35
    intermediate shaft oil seal replacing 3:35
    oil seals 3:17, 35
    oil spray nozzles
    see Lubrication system
    cylinder head 3:11
    cover and gasket 3:12
    disassembly, assembly, and reconditioning 3:22
    general description 3:4, 5
    removing and installing 3:21
    cylinder head assembly
    diesel and turbo diesel 3:25
    gasoline except 16-valve 3:23
    16-valve 3:23
    diagnostic testing 3:10
    compression test 3:10
    leak-down test 3:11
    wet compression test
    (gasoline engines only) 3:11
    drive plate 3:40
    flywheel 3:40
    fundamentals 1:4,5
    hydraulic cam followers 3:19
    checking 3:19
    identification codes and specifications 3:6
    lubrication system
    see Lubrication system maintenance 2:4, 3:7
    oil and oil filter 2:4, 2:12
    changing 2:13
    specifications 2:11
    oil spray nozzles
    see Lubrication system pistons 3:36
    specifications 3:37, 38, 44, 45
    piston rings 3:37
    removing/installing
    see Engine and transaxle assembly tightening torques 3:44
    troubleshooting 3:7
    valve adjustment (1985-1986 diesel and turbo diesel only) 2:19, 3:16
    clearance specifications 3:17
    see also Cam followers valve guides 3:26
    valve seat dimensions
    diesel and turbo diesel 3:29
    gasoline except 16-valve 3:28
    16-valve 3:29
    valve seats 3:27
    valve stem oil seals 3:20
    valve train
    general description 3:4, 5, 6
    valves and valve springs 3:26

    Engine and transaxle assembly 3:29
    aligning 3:34
    installing 3:33
    removing 3:29
    separating 3:32

    Engine code
    see Engine

    Exhaust gas recirculation system 2:18, 7:21
    testing 7:21

    Exhaust system and emission controls catalytic converter 7:12
    checking 7:14
    ECO diesel 7:4
    heat shield, replacing 7:14
    removing and installing 7:14
    exhaust system 7:7
    installing 7:12
    removing 7:11
    front pipe spring clamps
    removing and installing 7:11
    fundamentals 1:7
    general description 7:4
    identification 7:5
    maintenance 7:5
    oxygen sensor
    see Oxygen sensor system technical data (summary) 7:27
    tightening torques 7:27
    troubleshooting 7:5

    F

    Filters
    air 2:14, 5:4
    diesel 6:4
    diesel fuel 2:17
    fuel, gasoline 2:16, 17
    oil 2:13

    Final drive
    fundamentals 1:8
    see also Manual transmission and clutch

    Fuel filter
    see Filters

    Fuel injectors
    CIS, CIS-E and CIS-E Motronic 5:27
    cleaning and testing 5:29
    fuel delivery, testing 5:28
    quick-checking 5:28
    removing and installing 5:27
    Diesel, ECO diesel, turbo diesel 6:22
    checking fuel supply to 6:6
    inspecting and repairing 6:23
    pressure testing 6:22
    removing and installing 6:22
    Digifant II, Digifant 15:30
    removing and installing 5:31
    testing 5:30

    Fuel system, diesel
    accelerator cable 6:12
    checking and adjusting 6:13
    replacing 6:12
    air filter
    see Filters
    altitude and load compensation 6:17
    applications and identification codes 6:4
    boost enrichment (turbo diesel) 6:24
    camshaft/injection pump drive belt see Camshaft, drive belt
    cold start system 6:13
    diagnostic testing 6:6
    emission controls 6:4
    fuel filter
    see Filters
    fuel gauge sender 6:9
    fuel injection 6:10
    fuel supply 6:8
    fuel tank vents 6:9
    fundamentals 1:6
    general description 6:4
    idle speed, checking/adjusting without idle speed boost (1985) 6:10
    with idle speed boost
    (from 1986) 6:11
    injection pump 6:17
    drive belt
    see Camshaft, drive belt removing and installing 6:17
    stop solenoid 6:20,21
    timing, checking and adjusting 6:19
    valves 6:21
    injectors
    see Fuel injectors maintenance 6:4
    maximum rpm, checking and adjusting 6:10, 12
    stop solenoid 6:20, 21
    tightening torques 6:24
    troubleshooting 6:4
    idle speed drop test 6:7
    turbocharger
    see Turbocharger

    Fuel system, gasoline
    accelerator cable 5:26
    air filter
    see Filters
    applications-identifying features 5:5
    charcoal canister bypass valve, testing (CIS, CIS-E, Digifant) 5:25
    charcoal canister solenoid valves testing (CIS-E Motronic) 5:25
    CIS
    see CIS (continuous injection system)
    CIS-E and CIS-E Motronic
    see CIS- Electronic and CIS-E Motronic
    Digifant II, see Digifant ll engine management system
    evaporative emission controls 5:23
    fuel filter see Filters
    fuel injectors
    see Fuel injectors fuel pump, main 5:18
    circuit, description of 5:4
    check valve, replacing 5:22
    electrical tests 5:20
    operating for test (engine not running) 5:16
    replacing 5:21
    fuel pump, transfer 5:17
    fuel supply 5:15
    fuses and relays 5:16
    gasoline additive 2:12
    general description 5:4
    identifying 5:5
    injectors
    see Fuel injectors maintenance 5:6
    pressure relief valve (CIS) 5:23
    technical data (summary) 5:87
    transfer pump 5:17
    troubleshooting 5:7

    Fundamentals 1:12

    Fuse/Relay panel
    diagrams, locations 14:33

    G

    Gas tank flap activator
    see Central locking system

    Gasoline fuel system
    see Fuel system, gasoline

    Gauges
    see Instruments

    Gear ratios
    see Manual transmission and clutch

    Gear shift
    see Manual transmission and clutch

    Glow plugs
    see Diesel

    Grease
    specifications 2:12

    Grille
    see Body

    H

    Headlights
    see Lights, exterior

    Heated seats
    see Seats

    Heater and controls
    with air conditioning 13:12
    general description 13:4
    control head 13:14
    fresh air blower 13:14
    heater core 13:12
    vacuum system checking 13:12
    without air conditioning 13:10
    fresh air blower 13:12
    general description 13:4
    heater control cables 13:11
    heater core 13:10
    system test 13:13

    Hood lock cable
    see Body

    Horns 14:25

    I

    Ignition switch 14:27

    Ignition system
    coil, testing 8:9, 12
    coil with power stage, testing
    CIS-E Motronic 8:13
    Digifant 18:15
    distributor 8:26
    cap, replacing 8:27
    disassembling and assembling 8:29
    removing and installing 8:28
    fundamentals 1:6
    general description 8:4
    glow plugs
    see Diesel
    Hall sender, testing
    CIS, CIS-E 8:11, 12
    CIS-E Motronic 8:13,14
    Digifant 18:15
    inspection 8:9
    knock sensor
    see Knock sensor system maintenance 8:6
    quick-check 8:7
    rotor, distributor
    removing and installing 8:26
    spark plugs 2:15
    spark plug wires
    removing and installing 8:27
    replacing 8:27
    testing 8:9
    system identification-applications 8:5
    technical data (summary) 8:31
    test equipment 8:7
    transistorized coil ignition (TCI-h) 8:16
    electronic timing advance (TCI-h with knock control) 8:21
    ignition timing 8:19
    mechanical timing advance 8:21
    timing advance, checking 8:22
    troubleshooting 8:6

    Injection pump
    see Fuel system, diesel

    Injectors
    see Fuel Injectors

    Instrument cluster
    see Body, interior

    Instruments 14:16
    instrument cluster and gauges
    troubleshooting 14:16
    light emitting diodes (LEDs) and bulbs, testing/replacing 14:18
    multifunction indicator, testing 14:21
    upshift indicator 14:19
    voltage stabilizer 14:18

    J

    Jacking 1:13

    Jump-starting 1:26

    K

    Knock sensor system
    general description 8:4
    knock sensor
    checking and replacing 8:22
    system fault diagnosis
    CIS-E, CIS-E Motronic 8:22
    Digifant 15:86
    technical data (summary) 8:31
    troubleshooting
    CIS-E, CIS-E Motronic 8:22
    Digifant 15:86
    wiring tests 8:23

    L

    Leak-down test
    see Engine

    LEDs
    see Instruments

    LED test light 1:17

    Lifters
    see Cam followers

    Lifting the car 1:13

    Lights, exterior
    back-up lights 14:27
    brake lights 14:26
    headlights 13:29,14:26
    aiming 13:30
    parking, taillights, side marker lights, and license plate lights 14:26
    side marker and front turn signal lights 13:31
    taillight assembly 13:30
    troubleshooting 14:26
    turn signals and emergency flashers 14:26

    Lights, interior
    bulb list 13:9
    bulbs, replacing 13:9

    Lubrication and maintenance 2:1
    fundamentals 1:12

    Lubrication system 3:41
    fundamentals 1:7
    oil cooler 3:43
    oil pressure warning system
    checking 3:41, 42,14:20
    general description 3:4
    oil pump 3:42
    oil spray nozzles 3:43

    M

    Maintenance 2:1
    fundamentals 1:12

    Manual transmission and clutch 1
    3rd gear end play, adjusting 9:29
    5th gear, removing and installing 9:24
    bearings and races 9:34
    clutch 9:4, 11
    adjustment 2:23, 9:12
    cable 9:11
    removing and installing 9:13
    tolerances, wear limits and settings 9:44
    diagnostic tests 9:6
    differential pinion gears and side gears 9:40
    bearings and races 9:41
    disassembly and assembly 9:22
    final drive 9:38
    bearings, adjusting 9:42
    bearing turning torque 9:44
    gear oil 2:11
    gear ratios 9:44
    gear train, disassembly and assembly 9:30
    general description 9:4
    identification codes and specifications 9:5
    main shaft and pinion shaft, removing and installing 9:26
    maintenance 9:6
    pinion shaft bearings
    adjusting 9:36
    turning torque 9:44
    shift lever and shift rod, removing and installing 9:10
    shift mechanism 9:8
    adjustment 9:8
    disassembling, assembling, and adjusting 9:8
    synchronizers 9:32
    wear specifications 9:44
    technical data (summary) 9:43
    tightening torques 9:43
    transaxle
    external adjustments 9:16
    general description 9:5
    oil seals 9:16
    removing and installing 9:20
    troubleshooting 9:6

    Master cylinder
    see Brakes

    MFI
    see Instruments

    Mirrors, side 13:27
    electric/heated outside 14:29

    Motronic
    see CIS-Electronic (CIS-E) and Motronic

    Multifunction indicator
    see Instruments

    O

    Oil change, engine
    see Engine

    Oil, engine
    specifications 2:10

    Oil filter
    see Filters

    Oil pressure warning light 1:27
    see also Lubrication system

    Oil pump
    see Lubrication system

    Overheating
    see Emergencies

    OXS warning light counter, resetting 2:23

    Oxygen sensor system (CIS)
    circuits troubleshooting 7:17
    control unit checking 7:16
    control unit response, checking 7:18
    duty cycle, measuring 7:15
    frequency valve, checking 7:16
    technical data (summary) 7:27
    testing 7:15, 16,17
    thermoswitch, checking 7:15
    oxygen sensor
    replacing 7:19
    testing 7:18
    technical data (summary) 7:27

    Oxygen sensor system (CIS-E Motronic)
    oxygen sensor
    control unit response, checking 7:20
    replacing 7:21
    testing 7:20
    technical data (summary) 7:27

    Oxygen sensor system (Digifant)
    oxygen sensor
    replacing 7:20
    testing 7:19

    P

    Parking brake
    see Brakes

    Parts, buying 1:17
    genuine Volkswagen 1:17
    non-returnable 1:18
    Volkswagen remanufactured 1:18

    Pistons, pins
    see Engine

    Power steering
    see Steering

    Power windows 13:23
    see also Electrical system

    R

    Radiator
    see Cooling system

    Radio 13:8
    see also Antenna

    Rotor, disc brake
    see Brakes, front disc
    or Brakes, rear disc

    Rotor, ignition
    see Ignition

    S

    Safety fundamentals 1:12

    Seals
    fundamentals 1:15

    Seat belts 13:14
    child restraint tethering 13:18
    front seat belt height adjustment 13:17

    Seats
    front 13:18
    heated 13:19,14:29
    rear 13:20

    Shift lock
    see Automatic transmission

    Shock absorbers
    see Suspension

    Side marker lights
    see Lights, exterior

    Spare parts kit 1:28

    Spark plugs 2:15
    see also Ignition system

    Speedometer cable/drive gear, removing and installing 13:8

    Starter/Starting system 14:14
    solenoid switch, removing and installing 14:15
    starter bushing, replacing (manual transmission) 14:16
    troubleshooting 14:14

    Steering 11:31
    adjusting 11:37
    fundamentals 1:9
    general description 11:5
    ignition/steering lock cylinder
    replacing 11:34
    inspection and testing 11:8
    maintenance 11:6
    manual steering rack, centering 11:36
    power-assisted steering 11:38
    pressure testing 11:40
    power steering fluid
    draining and filling 11:39
    specifications 2:12
    steering column 11:32
    steering column switches 14:27
    removing and installing 11:33
    steering gear and tie rods 11:34
    inner tie rod boots replacing 11:35
    tie rod ends inspecting 11:34
    steering gearbox, removing and installing 11:37
    steering wheel, removing and installing 11:32
    technical data (summary) 11:40
    tie rods, replacing and adjusting 11:35
    troubleshooting 11:6, 8
    vibration 11:8

    Struts
    see Suspension

    Sunroof 13:37
    adjusting 13:38
    rear guides with cables, removing and installing 13:39
    removing and installing 13:37

    Suspension
    axle beam, rear 11:29
    bushings, replacing 11:30
    ball joints 11:19
    bearings and bushings 11:20
    constant velocity (CV) joints 11:13
    disassembling and inspecting 11:16 removing and installing 11:14
    control arm bushings 11:24
    drive axles
    fundamentals 1:9
    removing and installing 11:14
    vibration damper, removing and installing 11:19
    front suspension 11:4, 11
    general description 11:4
    subframe mounting, repairing 11:25
    wheel bearing housings, removing and installing 11:20
    fundamentals 1:9
    inspection and testing 11:8
    maintenance 11:6
    rear suspension 11:5, 25
    removing and installing 11:29
    shock absorbers and springs, rear 11:25
    removing and installing 11:26
    shock absorbers and struts, front 11:11
    checking 11:12
    disassembling/assembling 11:13
    removing and installing 11:12
    troubleshooting 11:6
    wheel bearings, rear 11:27
    adjusting 11:29

    T

    Taillights
    see Lights, exterior

    Test light 1:17, 23

    Thermostat
    see Cooling system

    Throttle cable
    automatic transmission
    see Automatic transmission
    manual transmission
    see Fuel system, gasoline
    or Fuel system, diesel

    Tie rods
    see Steering

    Timing
    camshaft and valves
    see Engine
    diesel injection pump
    see Fuel system, diesel
    ignition
    see Ignition

    Timing light 1:22

    Tires, changing
    see Emergencies
    see also Wheels, tires, alignment

    Tools 1:19
    basic tool requirements 1:19
    jack stands 1:21
    oil change equipment 1:22
    test light 1:23
    torque wrench 1:22
    Volkswagen special tools 1:24
    volt-ohm meter or multimeter 1:23

    Torque converter fundamentals 1:8
    see also Automatic transmission

    Towing 1:27

    Transfer pump
    see Fuel system, gasoline

    Transaxle/Transmission
    see Manual transmission and clutch or Manual transmission

    Troubleshooting
    fundamentals 1:12
    running, driving 1:25
    starting 1:24
    see also listings for individual components and systems

    Tune-up 2:4

    Turbocharger 7:24
    blow-off valve, testing 7:25
    boost enrichment 6:24
    general description 7:4
    technical data (summary) 7:27
    wastegate, testing 7:25

    Turbo diesel
    see Fuel system, diesel

    Turn signals
    see Lights, exterior

    U

    Upshift indicator
    see Instruments

    V

    Vacuum brake booster 12:4

    V-Belts 2:20
    replacing 2:21

    Valves
    see Engine

    Vehicle Identification Number 1:18

    Ventilation
    see Heater and controls

    VIN
    see Vehicle Identification Number

    W

    Warning lights, troubleshooting 14:11

    Wheel alignment
    see Wheels, tires, alignment

    Wheel bearings
    see Suspension

    Wheels, tires, alignment 11:8
    alignment 11:9
    adjustments 11:10
    specifications 11:11
    tire inflation pressure 2:23
    wheels and tires 11:8
    winter tires 11:9

    Windows, power
    see Power windows

    Windshield 13:37

    Wipers and washers 14:21
    intermittent wiper relay, testing 14:23
    rear wiper motor
    removing and installing 14:24
    testing 14:22
    switch testing 14:23
    troubleshooting 14:22
    windshield wiper motor and linkage 14:23
    testing 14:22

    Wire repairs fundamentals 1:15
    see also Electrical system

    Wiring diagrams
    see Current flow diagrams

    Wiring harness and circuits fundamentals 1:11
    see also Electrical system