Home BMW Repair BMW 7 Series (E32): 1988-94 Manual

BMW 7 Series (E32) Service Manual: 1988-1994

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Abbreviations, commonly used 010-24
ABS (antilock brakes)
Suspension, steering and brakes?general
A/C components
Air conditioning
Accelerator and throttle linkage
ADS (auxiliary throttle valve)
Fuel injection
Air conditioning
general information 640-1
air distribution motors, replacing 640-10
blower final stage (sword), replacing 640-2
blower motor, removing/installing 640-1
compressor, replacing
M30 engine 640-12
M60 or M70 engine 640-14
compressor clutch 640-15
condenser, replacing 640-16
control head, removing/installing 640-8
control module, removing/installing 640-23
evaporator, removing/installing 640-18
expansion valve, removing/installing 640-18
microfilter, replacing 640-22
outside temperature sensor, replacing 640-7
receiver/drier, replacing 640-17
sensor fan for interior temperature, replacing 640-9
warnings and cautions 640-12
Air distribution (flap) motors
Air conditioning
Air filter
Airbag system (SRS)
general information 721-1
airbag contact ring, replacing 721-5
airbag crash sensor, replacing 721-7
driver side airbag, removing/installing 721-3
passenger side airbag, removing/installing 721-4
SRS warning light and fault display 721-1
Battery, starter, alternator
Antifreeze (Engine coolant)
Cooling system
Suspension, steering and brakes?general
ASC+T System
Suspension, steering and brakes?general
ATF (Automatic transmission fluid)
Automatic transmission
Automatic shiftlock
Gearshift linkage
Automatic transmission
ATF service
4 HP 22/4 240-8
A5S 560Z 240-10
general information 240-1
Transmission, removing/installing
4 HP 22 EH 240-11
4 HP 24 240-11
A5S 560Z 240-13
ATF cooler 240-17
ATF main pressure, checking 240-6
ATF service 240-8
automatic transmission seal replacement 240-17
diagnostic testing 240-5
manual valve oil seal 240-19
output shaft oil seal 240-18
stall speed, checking 240-5
torque converter seal 240-17
transmission removal and installation 240-11
transmission service 240-17
troubleshooting 240-3
Auxiliary coolant pump
Auxiliary cooling fan
Cooling system
Auxiliary relay panels I and II 610-7
Axle joint
Rear suspension


Back up light switch
Manual transmission
Ball joints
Front suspension
Battery, starter, alternator
Battery, starter, alternator
general information 121-1
alternator, removing/installing 121-5
alternator brushes, inspecting/replacing 121-9
battery, disconnecting 020-17
battery charging 121-4
battery load voltage test 121-3
battery open-circuit voltage test 121-3
charging system checking 121-5
charging system quick-check 121-2
charging system troubleshooting 121-2
solenoid switch, removing/installing 121-13
starter, removing/installing
M30 engine 121-8
M60 engine 121-11
M70 engine 121-12
starter removal/installation 121-11
starter service 121-10
starter troubleshooting 121-10
static current draw, checking 121-2
voltage regulator, removing/installing 121-9
Battery voltage
Battery, starter, alternator
Bearing, wheel
Front suspension or Rear suspension
Blade, wiper
Wipers and Washers
Blower motor
Air conditioning
BMW emblem
Exterior trim, bumpers
BMW Special tools
general information 400-1
body assembly 400-1
interior equipment 400-3
performance and convenience 400-2
Body dimensions
Body side molding
Exterior trim, bumpers
Brake fluid
Brake fluid level 010-22
general information 340-1
antilock brake system (ABS)/traction control (ASC/ASC+T) 340-28
ABS hydraulic control unit, removing/installing (735i/iL or 740i/iL) 340-30
ABS hydraulic control unit, removing/installing (750iL) 340-30
ABS pulse sensor, replacing 340-32
ABS pulse wheel 340-31
ABS system inspection 340-29
ASC+T system 340-33
ASC+T hydraulic control unit, replacing (740iL) 340-37
ASC+T hydraulic control unit, replacing (750iL) 340-39
bleeding hydraulic system (ASC+T) 340-35
reinitializing ABS/ASC+T control module 340-36
bleeding brakes 340-4
pressure bleeding (except cars with ASC+T) 340-5
vacuum bleeding brakes (except cars with ASC+T) 340-6
manually bleeding brakes (except cars with ASC+T) 340-6
bleeding brakes (cars with ASC+T) 340-7
brake booster 340-16
hydraulic brake booster system 340-19
hydraulic brake accumulator, removing/installing 340-24
hydraulic brake booster, replacing 340-22
hydraulic brake booster system, testing 340-20
power flow regulator, replacing 340-23
vacuum brake booster, removing/installing (735i/iL) 340-17
vacuum brake booster, removing/installing (740i/iL) 340-18
brake pads, calipers and rotors 340-8
brake caliper, removing/installing 340-11
brake pads, replacing 340-9
brake rotor, removing/installing 340-13
master cylinder 340-14
master cylinder, removing/installing 340-14
brake pedal height, adjusting (except cars with M60 engine) 340-16
parking brake 340-25
parking brake, adjusting 340-26
parking brake cable, replacing 340-27
parking brake shoes, removing/installing 340-27
troubleshooting 340-2
Brushes, alternator
Battery, starter, alternator
Exterior lighting
Exterior trim, bumpers


Steering and wheel alignment
Cylinder head and valvetrain
Camshaft position sensor
Fuel injection
Camshaft timing chain
general information 117-1
camshaft timing chain, checking/adjusting
M60 engine 117-8
M70 engine 117-11
camshaft timing chain, removing/installing
M30 engine 117-1
Steering and wheel alignment
Catalytic converter
Exhaust system
Cautions viii
Center bearing
Center brake light
Exterior lighting
Center console
interior trim
Central body electronics (ZKE)
Electrical component locations
Central locking
general information 515-1
central locking function, checking 515-2
emergency locking and unlocking doors 515-2
locking actuator, adjusting
front door 515-3
rear door 515-5
trunk lid 515-6
locking actuator, replacing
front door 515-3
rear door 515-4
trunk lid 515-5
synchronizing central locking system 515-3
Camshaft timing chain
Charging system
Battery, starter, alternator
general information 210-1
clutch hydraulic system, bleeding and flushing 210-2
clutch, inspecting and installing 210-6
clutch master cylinder, replacing 210-2
clutch, removing 210-5
clutch slave cylinder, replacing 210-4
Clutch fluid
Codes, fault
Ignition system
Coil spring
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Component locations
Electrical component locations
Compression test
Air conditioning
Compressor clutch
Air conditioning
Air conditioning
Control arms
Front suspension
Control modules 610-2
Coolant (Antifreeze)
Cooling system
Coolant pump
Cooling system
Cooling system
general information 170-1
auxiliary cooling fan, replacing 170-19
belt-driven cooling fan, replacing 170-18
coolant 170-8
coolant, draining/filling 170-8
coolant pump 170-10
coolant pump and thermostat 170-1
coolant pump, replacing
M30 engine 170-11
M60 engine 170-12
M70 engine 170-13
cooling fans 170-18
cooling fans quick check 170-6
cooling system, bleeding 170-9
engine oil cooler 170-18
pressure test 170-3
radiator 170-16
radiator, coolant expansion tank and cooling fans 170-1
radiator, removing/installing 170-14
temperature gauge quick check 170-4
thermostat 170-15
thermostat, replacing 170-15
thermostat quick check 170-4
troubleshooting 170-2
Crankshaft position/rpm sensor
Ignition system
Crash sensor
Airbag system (SRS)
CV joint
Rear suspension
CV joint boot
Rear suspension
Cylinder head
Cylinder head removal and installation
Cylinder head and valvetrain
Cylinder head, removing
Cylinder head removal and installation
Cylinder head and valvetrain
general information 116-1
camshaft replacement 116-6
camshaft, removing/installing
M30 engine 116-6
M60 engine 116-9
M70 engine 116-12
cylinder head and valvetrain, reconditioning 116-13
camshaft 116-14
cylinder head 116-13
rocker arms and rocker arm shafts 116-15
valve guides 116-16
valve springs 116-18
valve stem oil seals 116-18
valve seats 116-18
valves 116-17
testing valves for leakage 116-17
hydraulic cam followers, checking and replacing (M60 engine) 116-4
hydraulic valve adjusters (HVA), checking and replacing (M70 engine) 116-5
valve clearance 116-2
valve clearance, adjusting (M30 engine) 116-2
Cylinder head cover gasket
Cylinder head removal and installation
Cylinder head removal and installation
general information 113-1
M30 engine
cylinder head 113-1
cylinder head, installing 113-7
cylinder head, removing 113-3
cylinder head cover gasket, replacing 113-1
M60 engine
cylinder heads 113-10
cylinder head cover gaskets,
replacing 113-10
intake manifold, removing/installing 113-11
left cylinder head, removing/installing 113-13
right cylinder head, removing/installing 113-19
M70 engine
cylinder heads 113-24
cylinder heads, removing 113-27
cylinder head cover gaskets, replacing 113-26
intake manifolds,
removing/installing 113-24


Dash panel
Interior trim
Interior trim
Deck lid
Trunk lid
Digital multimeter
Final drive
Distributor cap
Ignition system
DME (digital motor electronics)
Ignition system
Fuel injection
Dome light
Switches and electrical accessories
Door glass
Door windows
Door windows
general information 512-1
door window, adjusting 512-6
door window regulator and motor, removing/installing 512-5
front door window, removing/installing 512-1
rear door window, removing/installing 512-3
window service 512-1
Door check
Door courtesy light
Switches and electrical accessories
Door handle
Central locking
Door lock
Door molding
Exterior trim, bumpers
Door panel
Door striker
general information 411-1
door check, replacing 411-9
door hinge bearing sleeve, replacing 411-2
door striker, replacing 411-9
doors 411-1
front or rear door, removing/installing 411-1
door lock, removing/installing
front 411-7
rear 411-8
door panel, removing/installing
front 411-4
rear 411-5
front outside door handle with door lock cylinder, removing/installing
locking actuator
Central locking
rear outside door handle, removing/installing 411-7
Door windows
Drive axle
Rear suspension
Driveability troubleshooting
general information 260-1
center bearing, replacing 260-9
driveshaft, aligning 260-4
driveshaft, removing/installing 260-5
driveshaft constant velocity (CV) joint, replacing 260-11
driveshaft noise and vibration 260-2
driveshaft service 260-4
flex disc, replacing 260-8
front centering guide, replacing 260-10
flex disc
troubleshooting 260-1


E-box 610-6
ECM (engine control module)
Fuel injection
ECT (Engine coolant temperature sensor)
Fuel injection
EDC III (Electronic damping control)
Integrated suspension systems
Suspension, steering and brakes?general
Electrical circuit
Electrical system?general
Electrical component locations
general information 610-1
auxiliary relay panels I and II 610-7
component location table 610-8
component locations 610-8
control modules 610-2
electronics box (E-box) 610-6
front power distribution box 610-4
fuse position tables 610-27
fuse positions 610-2
rear power distribution box 610-4
relays 610-2
Electrical system?general
general information 600-1
continuity, checking 600-8
electrical test equipment 600-3
safety precautions 600-2
short circuits 600-9
testing with ohmmeter 600-9
testing with voltmeter 600-10
troubleshooting 600-6
voltage, measuring 600-7
voltage and polarity 600-1
voltage and voltage drops 600-6
voltage drop, testing 600-8
wiring, fuses and relays 600-1
wiring codes and abbreviations 600-4
wiring diagrams 600-4
Electrical wiring diagrams
general information ELE-1
wiring diagrams ELE-2
air conditioning and heating ELE-149
airbag (supplemental restraint
system) ELE-174
anti-theft ELE-176
charging system ELE-64
cruise control ELE-136
data link connector ELE-110
defogger ELE-196
electronic damping control ELE-134
engine cooling ELE-117
engine management ELE-70
exterior lights ELE-217
ground distribution ELE-37
headlights/foglights ELE-209
horns ELE-183
instrument panel ELE-199
interior lights/illumination ELE-232
memory mirrors ELE-265
memory seats ELE-258
memory steering column ELE-272
on-board computer ELE-205
power distribution ELE-2
power door locks ELE-238
power mirrors (Electrochromic) ELE-248
power rear sunshade ELE-277
power seats ELE-249
power sunroof ELE-276
power windows ELE-244
radio/cassette/CD/speakers ELE-278
servotronic steering (power steering) ELE-133
shift interlock ELE-130
Electrical wiring diagrams (cont.)
soft close trunk lid ELE-275
starting ELE-58
steering column power adjustment ELE-273
transmission electronics ELE-123
trunk/tailgate/fuel doors release ELE-274
warning systems: chimes ELE-208
wiper/washer ELE-186
EML (electronic motor load regulation)
Fuel injection
general information 100-1
air flow measurement and vacuum leaks 100-18
basic engine settings 100-17
basic requirements 100-21
battery voltage 100-19
carbon deposits 100-17
compression, testing 100-9
compression test 100-8
connecting rods and pistons 100-2
cooling system 100-5
cylinder block and crankshaft 100-1
cylinder head and valvetrain 100-2
driveability troubleshooting 100-12
electronic throttle control (EML or ADS) 100-5
engine management system 100-3
engine not running 100-8
excessive oil consumption 100-8
fluid leaks 100-7
fuel supply 100-20
fuel supply system 100-3
ground connections 100-20
high fuel consumption and low power 100-8
lubrication system 100-3
mechanical condition 100-16
mechanical troubleshooting 100-5
noise 100-6
on-board diagnostics (OBD) 100-13
oxygen sensor 100-18
preventive maintenance 100-17
smoking 100-8
warnings and cautions 100-5
wiring and harness connections 100-19
Engine control module (ECM)
Fuel injection
Engine removal and installation
general information 110-1
engine, removing/installing
M30 engine 110-1
M60 engine 110-6
M70 engine 110-9
Engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor
Fuel injection
Engine hood
Fenders, engine hood
Engine troubleshooting
Air conditioning
Evaporator temperature sensor
Air conditioning
Exhaust system
general information 180-1
exhaust front pipes, removing/installing (M70 engine) 180-7
exhaust manifolds 180-5
exhaust manifolds, removing/installing (M30 engine) 180-5
exhaust manifolds, left side, removing/installing (M60 engine) 180-6
exhaust manifolds, right side, removing/installing (M60 engine) 180-7
exhaust manifolds, left side, removing/installing (M70 engine) 180-9
exhaust manifolds, right side, removing/installing (M70 engine) 180-10
exhaust system, removing/installing 180-3
Expansion valve
Air conditioning
Exterior lighting
general information 630-1
center brake light bulb, replacing 630-6
front foglight assembly, removing/installing 630-3
front or rear side marker assembly and bulb, replacing 630-5
front turn signal assembly, removing/installing 630-4
headlight assembly, removing/installing 630-2
headlight bulb, replacing 630-2
headlight lens unit, removing/installing 630-3
license plate light, removing/installing 630-6
rear lighting 640-5
taillight assembly, removing/installing 630-6
taillight bulb, replacing 630-5
Exterior trim, bumpers
general information 510-1
BMW emblem, removing/installing 510-1
bumper, removing/installing 510-7
door molding, replacing 510-2
fender molding, replacing 510-2
headlight grille, removing/installing 510-5
outside mirror, removing/installing 510-3
mirror glass, replacing 510-4
radiator grille, removing/installing 510-4


Cooling system
Fenders, engine hood
general information 410-1
engine hood 410-3
engine hood, aligning 410-4
engine hood, removing/installing 410-3
fender molding
Exterior trim, bumpers
fender, removing/installing 410-1
front fenders 410-1
hood gas-pressure strut, replacing 410-6
hood hinge, replacing 410-5
hood lock cable, replacing 410-5
hood release cable
hood lock cable
Final drive
general information 331-1
final drive service 331-1
flange oil seal, replacing 331-4
input shaft oil seal, replacing 331-5
oil, draining/filling 331-1
oil seals 331-4
removing/installing 331-2
rubber mounts (final drive unit removed) 331-3
Firing order
Ignition system
Flex disc
Fluids and lubricants
Exterior lighting
Front centering guide
Front suspension
general information 310-1
control arm, removing/installing 310-8
control arm bushings, replacing (steel control arms only) 310-10
control arms 310-8
front wheel bearings 310-10
ride height 310-7
shock absorbers and springs 310-2
stabilizer bar 310-13
stabilizer bar, removing/installing 310-13
strut, disassembling/assembling 310-4
strut assembly, removing/installing (except on cars with EDC III) 310-3
strut assembly, removing/installing (cars with EDC III) 310-7
subframe crossmember 310-16
subframe crossmember, removing 310-16
subframe crossmember, installing 310-18
thrust arm bushings, replacing 310-15
thrust arm, removing/installing 310-14
thrust arms 310-14
wheel bearing, replacing 310-11
Fuel injection
general information 130-2
basic engine settings 130-5
fault diagnosis 130-5
principles of operation 130-2
warnings and cautions 130-6
DME 1.3 (M30 Engine) 130-13
engine control module (ECM), testing and replacing (M30 engine) 130-22
engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor, testing and replacing (M30 engine) 130-15
fuel injectors, testing and replacing
(M30 engine) 130-19
idle speed control valve, testing and replacing (M30 engine w/o EML 130-17
intake air temperature (IAT) sensor, testing and
replacing (M30 engine) 130-16
throttle position switch (TPS), testing and adjusting (M30 engine w/o EML) 130-16
volume air flow sensor, testing and replacing (M30 engine) 130-13
DME 3.3 (M60 engine) 130-23
camshaft position (CMP) sensor, replacing 130-28
engine control module (ECM), testing and replacing (M60 engine) 130-31
engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor, testing and replacing (M60 engine) 130-24
fuel injectors, testing (M60 engine) 130-28
Fuel injection (cont.)
fuel pressure regulator, replacing (M60 engine) 130-30
fuel rail and injectors, removing and installing (M60 engine) 130-29
idle speed control valve, testing and replacing (M60 engine) 130-27
intake air temperature sensor (IAT), testing and replacing (M60 engine) 130-25
mass air flow sensor, testing and replacing (M60 engine) 130-23
throttle position sensor (TPS), testing (M60 engine) 130-26
DME 1.2 and DME 1.7 (M70 engine) 130-32
engine control module (ECM), testing and replacing (M70 engine) 130-39
engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor, testing and replacing (M70 engine) 130-34
fuel injectors, testing (M70 engine) 130-36
fuel rail and injectors, removing and installing (M70 engine) 130-38
intake air temperature (IAT) sensor, testing and replacing (M70 engine) 130-35
mass air flow sensor, testing and replacing (M70 engine) 130-32
ECM Pin Assignments 130-54
electrical checks and component testing 130-7
main DME relay, testing 130-7
oxygen sensor, testing 130-9
electronic throttle control systems 130-41
ADS (M60 engine only) 130-49
ADS throttle housing, replacing 130-49
ADS throttle switch, replacing 130-50
EML (M30 or M70 engine) 130-41
external safety path, checking (M30 or M70 engine) 130-43
EML control module, replacing (M30 or M70 engine) 130-48
EML throttle housing, testing and replacing (M30 or M70 engine) 130-47
EML throttle synchronization (M70 engine) 130-44
EML warning light 130-42
pedal position sensor, checking and adjusting (M30 or M70 engine) 130-44
pedal position sensor, replacing (M30 or M70 engine) 130-46
EML pin assignments 130-50
fuel pressure tests 130-10
fuel pressure regulator response to engine load, testing 130-12
relieving fuel pressure and connecting fuel pressure gauge 130-10
Fuel injection (cont.)
residual pressure, testing 130-12
system pressure, testing 130-11
Fuel filter
Fuel injectors
Fuel injection
Fuel level sender
Fuel tank and lines
Fuel pressure
Fuel injection
Fuel pressure regulator
Fuel injection
Fuel pump
general information 160-1
delivery pressure and delivery rate, checking 160-11
electrical circuit, checking 160-10
fuel pump tests 160-10
fuse and relay 160-8
level sender
Fuel tank and lines
operating fuel pump for tests 160-9
power consumption, checking 160-12
Fuel rail
Fuel injection
Fuel tank and lines
general information 160-1
fuel level sender, testing 160-7

fuel level sender and fuel pump, removing 160-5
fuel tank, removing/installing 160-3
fuel tank and lines 160-2
Fuse positions 610-2
Electrical component locations


Gear position/start disable switch 250-4
Gearshift linkage
Gearshift linkage
general information 250-1
automatic shiftlock, checking function 250-7
gear position/start disable switch, replacing 250-4
gearshift lever, removing/installing 250-2
gearshift service 250-2
selector lever service (automatic transmission) 250-4
shift interlock, checking function 250-8
shift mechanism, adjusting 250-4
general information 010-1
advice for the beginner 010-7
cleanliness 010-7
electrical testing 010-10
gaskets and seals 010-9
non-reusable fasteners 010-7
planning ahead 010-7
tightening fasteners 010-8
wire repairs 010-10
buying parts 010-11
genuine BMW parts 010-11
information you need to know 010-12
non-returnable parts 010-11
emergencies 010-18
brake fluid level 010-22
car will not start 010-18
changing a tire 010-18
heck engine light 010-22
dim lights 010-22
jump starting car 010-19
low oil pressure 010-22
overheating 010-21
spare parts kit 010-24
towing 010-23
getting started 010-3
lifting the car 010-5
raising car safely 010-6
safety 010-4
working under car safely 010-6
how to use this manual 010-2
warnings, cautions and notes 010-3
service 010-13
tools 010-13
basic tool requirements 010-13
BMW special tools 010-17
feeler gauges 010-17
jack stands 010-16
oil change equipment 010-16
torque wrench 010-16
digital multimeter 010-17
Door windows
Glove compartment
Interior trim
Exterior trim, bumpers
Grounds, electrical 610-13
Guibo (flex disc)


Handle, door
Hazard warning switch
Switches and electrical accessories
Headlight assembly
Exterior lighting
Headlight grille
Exterior trim, bumpers
Headlight spray nozzle
Wipers and Washers
Headlight switch
Switches and electrical accessories
Heater core
Heater valve
general information 640-1
air distribution motors, replacing 640-10
auxiliary coolant pump, replacing 640-4
blower final stage (sword), replacing 640-2
blower motor, removing/installing 640-1
control head, removing/installing 640-8

heater and controls 640-1
heater core, replacing 640-5
heater core temperature sensor, replacing 640-8
heater valve, replacing 640-4
outside temperature sensor, replacing 640-7
sensor fan for interior temperature, replacing 640-10
Fenders, engine hood
Hood release cable
Hood lock cable, replacing 410-5
Hydraulic brake accumulator
Hydraulic brake booster
Hydraulic brake booster fluid


IAT (intake air temperature) sensor
Fuel injection
Idle speed control valve
Fuel injection
Ignition coil
Ignition system
Ignition switch
Switches and electrical accessories
Ignition system
general information 120-1
basic troubleshooting principles 120-4
checking for spark (M30/M70 only) 120-5
crankshaft position/rpm sensor, testing/replacing 120-9
disabling ignition system 120-2
ignition coil, testing (M60 engine) 120-8
ignition components, replacing (M30/M70 engine) 120-8
ignition components, testing (M30/M70 engine) 120-6
ignition firing order 120-11
ignition system circuit schematics 120-12
ignition system service 120-6
knock sensors (M60 engine) 120-12
troubleshooting 120-4
warnings and cautions 120-3
Input shaft oil seal
Manual transmission
Inspection I and Inspection II
Instrument panel
interior trim
general information 620-1
instrument cluster 620-1
instrument cluster, removing/installing 620-2
instrument cluster, self-testing 620-2
instrument cluster, disassembling/assembling 620-4
instrument cluster bulbs, replacing 620-5
on-board computer (OBC) 620-8
on-board computer (OBC), removing/installing 620-8
odometer coding plug, replacing (cars built up to February 1989) 620-5
odometer coding plug, replacing (cars built up from February 1989) 620-6
vehicle speed sensor, replacing 620-7
Intake manifold
M60 engine, removing 113-11
M70 engine, removing 113-24
Cylinder head removal and installation
Intake air temperature sensor (IAT)
Fuel injection
Integrated Suspension Systems
general information 370-1
electronic damping control (EDC III) 370-12
EDC III electronic control module and power relay 370-15
front vertical acceleration sensor, removing/installing 370-17
longitudinal acceleration sensor, removing/installing 370-18
monitoring and troubleshooting 370-19
rear vertical acceleration sensor, removing/installing 370-17
steering angle sensor, removing/installing 370-16
self levelling suspension (LAD) 370-2
converting LAD rear struts to standard rear struts 370-9
filling and bleeding LAD system 370-6
hydraulic fluid accumulators, replacing 370-8
pressure testing LAD system 370-3
regulator valve, replacing 370-6
ride height, adjusting 370-4
troubleshooting LAD 370-11
wheel camber warning switch, replacing 370-7
Interior trim
general information 513-1
center console, removing/installing 513-1
dashboard, removing/installing 513-3
glove compartment, removing/installing 513-6
lower left dash panel, removing/installing 513-8
parcel shelf, removing/installing 513-8
pedal cluster trim panel, removing/installing 513-8
rear window power sunshade, servicing 513-9


Jack stands
Jump starting car 010-19


Knock sensor
Ignition system


LAD (self levelling rear suspension)
Integrated suspension systems
Suspension, steering and brakes?general
Leather upholstery
Level sender
Fuel tank and fuel lines
License plate light
Exterior lighting
Lifting the car
Light switches
Switches and electrical accessories
Central locking
Locking actuator
Central locking
Lubrication system
general information 119-1
oil level sensor, testing 119-3
oil pan, removing/installing
(M30 engine) 119-5
oil pans, removing/installing (M60 engine) 119-6
oil pans, removing/installing (M70 engine) 119-8
oil pressure, testing 119-2
oil pressure warning system, testing 119-2
oil pump 119-11
oil pump, removing/installing 119-11
troubleshooting 119-1


general information 020-2
air filter element, replacing 020-11
automatic transmission service 020-24
battery maintenance 020-14
battery, disconnecting 020-15
BMW service indicator 020-2
body lubrication 020-26
body and interior maintenance 020-25
brake fluid, replacing 020-22
brake/clutch fluid level, checking 020-20
brake hoses and lines, inspecting 020-21
brake pad/rotor wear, checking 020-22 brake system, inspecting 020-21 chassis washing 020-27
cleaning and preserving 020-27
cooling system maintenance 020-18
CV joint boots, inspecting 020-25
distributor cap/rotor/spark plug wires, replacing 020-13
maintenance 020-11
engine coolant (antifreeze) 020-11
engine oil and filter, changing 020-10
engine oil service 020-10
exhaust system, inspecting 020-23
exterior finish care 020-27
final drive oil level, checking 020-24
fluid and lubricant specifications 020-9
front suspension and steering linkages, inspecting 020-24
fuel filter, replacing 020-14
fuel tank and fuel lines, inspecting 020-25
hydraulic brake booster fluid, checking 020-20
inspection I and inspection II 020-3
interior care 020-27
leather upholstery and trim 020-28
maintenance tables 020-4
manual transmission oil, checking and filling 020-23
manual transmission service 020-23
microfilter, replacing (1991 and later) 020-27
oil service 020-3
oxygen sensor, replacing 020-20
parking brake, checking 020-22
poly-ribbed belts, checking/replacing (M60 or M70 engine) 020-17
power steering fluid level, checking 020-19
rear suspension, inspecting 020-24
resetting service indicator 020-3
seat belts 020-26
service indicator, BMW 020-2
spark plugs, replacing 020-12
special cleaning 020-27
throttle housing and linkage, lubricating 020-16
tires, checking inflation pressure 020-21
tires, rotating 020-21
under car maintenance 020-21
v-belts, checking/replacing (M30 engine) 020-16
valve clearance, adjusting (M30 engine) 020-14
ventilation microfilter, replacing (1991 and later) 020-26
vinyl and cloth upholstery and trim 020-28
washing 020-27
waxing 020-27
windshield wiper blades, replacing 020-25
wheels, aligning 020-21
Manifold, exhaust
Manual transmission
general information 230-1
back up light switch, replacing 230-6
input shaft oil seal, replacing (transmission installed) 230-5
output shaft oil seal, replacing (transmission installed) 230-3
selector shaft oil seal, replacing (transmission installed) 230-4
transmission, removing/installing 230-6
transmission oil, checking/replacing 230-1
transmission oil seals 230-2
transmission removal and installation 230-6
transmission service 230-1
Map light
Switches and electrical accessories
Mass air flow sensor
Fuel Injection
Master cylinder
Mechanical troubleshooting
Air conditioning
Exterior trim, bumpers
Exhaust system


Neutral safety switch
Gear position/start disable switch 250-4


Odometer coding plug
Oil, changing 020-11
Oil change equipment
Oil level sensor
Lubrication system
Oil pan
Lubrication system
Oil pressure
Lubrication system
Oil pump
Lubrication system
On-board computer
On-board diagnostics (OBD)
Fuel injection
Outside door handle
Outside mirror switch
Switches and electrical accessories
Outside temperature sensor
Air conditioning
Output shaft oil seal
Automatic transmission
Manual transmission
Oxygen sensor
Fuel injection


Parcel shelf
Interior trim
Parking brake
Pedal height
Pedal position sensor
Fuel injection
Poly-ribbed belt
Power distribution box
Electrical component locations
Power flow regulator
Power steering
Steering and wheel alignment
ower steering fluid
Power window switch
Switches and electrical accessories


Cooling system
Radiator grille
Exterior trim, bumpers
general information 650-1
radio, removing/installing 650-1
radio connectors 650-4
radio service 650-1
front speaker (left footwell), removing/installing 650-2
front speaker (right footwell), removing/installing 650-2
dashboard speaker, removing/installing 650-3
mirror triangle speaker, removing/installing 650-3
rear speaker(s), removing/installing 650-3
Raising car safely
Rear door window
Door windows
Rear suspension
general information 330-1
CV joint and boot, replacing 330-12
drive axle, removing/installing 330-11
drive axles 330-11
rear strut, disassembling and assembling 330-6
rear strut assembly, removing/installing (cars with EDC III) 330-4
rear strut assembly, removing/installing (except cars with EDC III) 330-2
ride height 330-7
shock absorbers and springs 330-2
trailing arms 330-13
trailing arm, removing/installing 330-14
trailing arm bushings, replacing 330-16
rear wheel bearing, replacing 330-8
rear wheel bearings 330-8
Air conditioning
Relays 610-2
Reverse light switch
Manual transmission
Ride height
Front suspension or Rear suspension
Integrated suspension systems
Exterior trim, bumpers


Seat belts
general information 720-1
front seat belt assembly 720-1
front seat belt height adjuster cable 720-2
front seat belt lock tensioner, deactivating 720-3
front seat belt reel, removing/installing 720-4
rear seat belt assembly 720-5
rear seat belts, removing/installing 720-5
general information 520-1
front seats 520-1
front seat, disassembling 520-3
front seat, removing/installing 520-1

front seat armrest, removing/installing 520-2
rear seats 520-7
rear seat cushion, removing/installing (power seats) 520-8
rear seat backrest, removing/installing (power seats) 520-9
rear seat cushion and backrest, removing/installing (non-power seats) 520-7
Selector shaft oil seal
Manual transmission
Self levelling suspension
Rear suspension Service indicator
Servotronic steering system
Steering and Wheel Alignment
Shift interlock
Gearshift linkage
Shift lever
Gearshift linkage
Gearshift linkage
Shock absorber
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Side marker assembly
Exterior lighting
Slave cylinder
Battery, starter, alternator
Spare parts kit
Ignition system
Spark plugs
Front suspension
Rear suspension
SRS (Supplemental restraint system)
Airbag system (SRS)
Stabilizer bar
Front suspension
Battery, starter, alternator
Steering and wheel alignment
general information 320-1
camber 320-13
caster 320-14
front toe-in and toe difference angle 320-14
power steering 320-4
power steering pump, pressure testing 320-4
power steering pump, removing/installing 320-5
power steering system, filling/bleeding 320-7
rear toe-in 320-14
servotronic steering system 320-2
steering gearbox, removing/installing 320-8
steering gear and linkage 320-8
teering idler arm, removing/installing 320-11
steering wheel 320-2
steering wheel, removing/installing 320-3
tie rods
center tie rod, replacing 320-13
outer tie rod end, removing/installing 320-11
tie rod end, replacing 320-12
wheel alignment 320-13
wheel alignment specifications 320-14
Steering column switches
Switches and electrical accessories
Steering gear
steering and wheel alignment
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Subframe crossmember
Front suspension
general information 540-1
sunroof drive cables, replacing 540-4
sunroof motor, removing/installing 540-6
sunroof panel, adjusting 540-2
sunroof panel, emergency closing 540-1
sunroof panel, removing/installing 540-3
Interior trim
Suspension, front
Front suspension
Suspension, rear
Rear suspension
Suspension, steering and brakes?general
general information 300-1
antilock brake system (ABS) 300-5
automatic stability control (ASC/ASC+T) 300-5
brakes 300-4
electronic damping control (EDC III) 300-7
front suspension 300-2
integrated systems 300-4
rear suspension 300-2
self levelling rear suspension (LAD) 300-6
steering 300-3
suspension and steering troubleshooting 300-7
Switches and electrical accessories
general information 612-1
dome light, map lights, rear lights, trunk lights, door courtesy lights, replacing bulbs 612-6
hazard warning switch, removing/installing 612-5
ignition lock cylinder, removing/installing 612-4
ignition switch, removing/installing 612-3
interior lights 612-6
interior switches 612-1
light switches, removing/installing 612-4
outside mirror switch, removing/installing 612-5
power window switch assembly, removing/installing 612-4
steering column stalk switches, removing/installing 612-2
Sword (blower final stage)
Heating T


Exterior lighting
Temperature gauge quick check
Cooling system
Cooling system
Throttle position switch (TPS)
Fuel injection
Throw-out bearing
Thrust arm
Front suspension
Tie rod
Steering and wheel alignment
Tightening fasteners
Timing chain
Camshaft timing chain
Tire, changing
Steering and wheel alignment
Torque converter oil seal
Automatic transmission
Trailing arm
Rear suspension
Automatic transmission
Manual transmission
general information 200-1
automatic transmission 200-1
locating transmission codes 200-2
manual transmission and clutch 200-2
Transmission fluid
Automatic transmission
Manual transmission
Transmission input shaft oil seal
Manual transmission
Transmission output shaft oil seal
Automatic transmission
Manual transmission
Transmission service
Automatic transmission
Manual transmission
Trim, interior
Interior trim
Trunk lid
general information 412-1
trunk lid, 412-1
trunk lid, aligning 412-2
trunk lid, removing/installing 412-1
trunk lid locking actuator
Central locking
trunk lid support strut, removing/installing 412-2
Turn signal assembly
Exterior lighting


Steering and wheel alignment


Vacuum booster
Vacuum leaks
Valve guides
Cylinder head and valvetrain
Valve seals
Cylinder head and valvetrain
Valve seats
Cylinder head and valvetrain
Cylinder head and valvetrain
Cylinder head and valvetrain
Vehicle identification number (VIN)
Vehicle speed sensor
Air conditioning
Voltage regulator
Battery, starter, alternator
Voltage tests
Electrical system?general
Volume air flow sensor
Fuel injection W Warnings vii Warnings, cautions and notes
Washer fluid pump
Wipers and washers
Wipers and washers
Water pump
Cooling system
Wheel, steering
Steering and wheel alignment
Wheel bearings
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Wheels, aligning
Window motor
Door windows
Window regulator
Door windows
Window switch
Switches and electrical accessories
Windows, door
Door windows
Windshield wipers and washers
Wipers and washers
Wiper motor
Wipers and washers
Wipers and washers
general information 611-1
headlight spray nozzle, removing/installing 611-7
washer fluid pumps 611-8
washer fluid level sensor 611-8
washer system 611-7
windshield spray nozzle, removing/installing 611-7
windshield wiper assembly 611-4
windshield wiper assembly, removing/installing 611-4
windshield wiper motor, removing/installing 611-6
wiper arms, removing/installing 611-3
wiper blade inserts, replacing 611-3
wiper blade symptoms and fixes 611-1
wiper blades 611-1
wiper blades, replacing 611-2
Wiring diagrams
Electrical wiring diagrams
Electrical system?general
Working under car safely


ZKE (central body electronics)
Electrical component locations