Home BMW Owner's Literature BMW 3 Series Enthusiast's Companion

BMW 3 Series Enthusiast"s Companion?

BMW 3 Series index:
Note: your browsers "find" feature is the best way to locate procedures or components.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

1.4-liter engine, 65, 66
1.6-liter engine, 29, 31, 37
1.8-liter engine, 27, 29, 31, 34, 35, 37, 83
02 models, vii-ix, 1-4, 14, 16-18, 28
convertibles, 164
engines, 32-34
production totals, 10
round taillights, vii-viii, 3
Touring model, 18, 177, 228
2-liter engine, 27-31, 33, 34, 36, 37, 43, 47, 83
2-liter racing, 66, 68, 263, 272-275
2.3-liter engine, 31, 43, 44, 46, 47, 83, 113, 124-125, 131, 134, 136, 146, 153-154, 156
2.4-liter engine, 44
2.5-liter engine, 31, 43, 46, 124, 126-129, 135, 139-141, 146, 156, 228, 263, 283
2.7-liter engine. See eta engine
2.8-liter engine, 228, 244
3 Series. See also specific models
development of, 3-12
group facilities, 23-24
introduction to market, 25-26, 41
3-liter engine, 31, 235, 252
3.2-liter engine, 31, 235,
247-249, 252
4.4 liter twin turbo V8, 20
4-cylinder engines. See four-cylinder engines
4x4s, 7, 97, 171-176
convertible, 122, 171
E46, 171, 289-291
race cars, 147
Touring models, 171, 180
5 Series, viii, 3
3 Series influenced by, ix, 9, 11, 28, 29
520ti, 34
525e, 45
525iX, 171
528e, 45
528i, 106
5.4 liter V12 engine, 20
6 Series, 6, 106, 146
6-cylinder engines. See six-cylinder engines
7 Series, viii, 6, 115
8 Series, viii
303, 14
315, 31, 34
316, 29, 31, 34-35, 40-42, 46, 86
316i, 6, 31, 178, 185, 187, 188, 190
318, 29, 31, 41, 284
318Ci, 103
318i, 12, 31, 34-35, 37, 99, 101-103, 185, 255
catalytic converters, 36, 83, 91
E36, 183, 187-188, 190-191, 193,
195-198
E46, 285
European market, 86
options, 84-85
performance, 34-36, 85, 266
press comment, 77-78
race cars, 263, 265-269
sales, 85
standard equipment, 78, 84, 86
Touring models, 178, 180
318iC, 163, 167-170, 209-214
318is, 31, 101-103, 183, 190-191,
264-269
coupe, 203-206
race cars, 263
318tds, 230, 232
318ti. See Compact models (318ti)
320, 26, 29, 31, 37, 38, 40, 44
production totals, 42, 46-51
race cars, 55-63
320/6 engine, 3, 46-51
320d, 269, 288
320g, 231
320i, 25-26, 29, 34-35, 38-40, 46, 99, 100, 166, 187, 230, 232
E36, 191, 193, 199
European market, 86
performance, 35-38, 40, 192
press comments, 83-84
race cars, 4-5, 56, 66, 71, 263, 265
sales, 1
Touring models, 178, 180
US and European models compared, 26-27
320iS, 27-28
320-McLaren, 5
320T, 65-75
323, 31, 228
323i, 3, 31, 43, 44, 47, 231
coupe, 203-205
development and production details, 52-53
E21, 286
E46, 283, 286, 289-291
European market, 86
performance, 51-52, 91-92
press comments, 84
production totals, 42
race cars, 57-59
specifications, 51-52
323iC, 212, 214-215
323is, 289-291
324d, 32
324td, 32, 101, 178
325, 31, 89, 95, 115
325e, 32, 45, 85, 89-91, 93-95
325i, 95-99, 115-116, 187, 236
E36, 183, 185, 190, 191, 193, 194
performance, 92, 95, 96, 192
race cars, 276
Touring, 98, 177-178, 180
325iC, 95-98, 163-170, 207, 210-213
325is, 95-98, 100, 115, 175, 203-206, 244
325iX, 7, 147, 171-176, 180
325tds, 230, 232
325xi (E46), 171
328, Mille Miglia, 6
328i
coupes, 204, 206
E36, 193, 194, 196
E46, 283, 289-291
Touring, 229-230, 232
328iC, 210, 212-215
328is, viii, 289-291
328xi (E46), 171
330xi (E46), 171
501, 14-15
502, 15
600 saloon, 15
700 series, 14, 15
1500, 7, 10, 16, 32-33
1502, 34
1600, 6, 18
1602, 17, 18, 40, 164
1800, 33, 35
2000, 32-33
2000C, 33
2000CS, 33
2000tii, 34, 178
2002, ix, 17-18, 25-26, 33, 37, 38, 65-66
2002Ti, 18, 33, 34
2002Tii, 18, 25, 33, 38, 40, 68, 92, 177

A

ABS. See anti-lock brakes
aerodynamic design, viii, 6-7, 10
coupes, 203
E30, 79, 80, 99
E36, 6-7, 183, 185-186, 188, 203
E46, 7, 282
Evolution models, 124-125
M3, 110-111, 129-130
Touring models, 178
airbags, 7, 98
convertibles, 208
E36, 188, 190, 240
E46, 12, 281
Evolution M3 (Evo), 242
Airikkala, Pentti, 135
All Season Traction Control systems,
7, 194-195, 197, 214, 287
Alpina-BMW, 56
Ammerschlager, Thomas, 107, 111
anti-lock brakes, 6, 7, 79, 82, 93-96, 99
4x4s, 172
Compacts, 220
E36, 188, 194
E46, 287-289
M3, 111, 238
M3 race car, 138, 142
anti-roll bars, 39-40, 48, 57, 81, 112, 187, 220, 237, 246
ASC (Anti Skid Control). See All Season Traction Control systems
Auberlen, Bill, 259-260
automatic transmission. See also ZF transmission 35, 50, 45, 191

B

badging system, 31
Bailey, Roger, 73, 74
Bangle, Chris, viii, 280-281
battery capacity, 325i, 99
Baur convertibles, 164, 166
Bayerische Flugzeugwerke, 13-14
Becker, Clauspeter, 41
Beguin, Bernard, 147, 154
Bell, Derek, 56, 58, 75
belt drive, 31-32, 43-44
belt tensioner, automatic, 7, 190
Benoit, Georges, 57
Berger, Gerhard, 276-278
bhp. See performance
Bigazzi team, 156, 158, 160, 263, 275
BMW Company
3 Series group facilities, 23-24
history of, 13-22
overseas factories, 18-21, 23
production resources, 22-23
BMW Concessionaires GB Ltd., 40, 273
BMW M GmbH, 243
BMW Motorsport GmbH, 24, 55, 59, 105-108, 157, 235, 243, 258, 263, 268, 271
BMW Motorsport Ltd., 57, 106
BMW Motorsport McLaren. See McLaren BMW
body design, 28-30, 99-100. See also aerodynamic design
325e, 94
325i, 97
advantages of 3 Series, 29-30
Compacts, 218
E36, 29, 188
E46, 29, 281-282
Evolution models, 125-126, 242
influences, vii-ix, 28-29
M3, 110-111, 117, 127, 136-137, 139, 239-240
race cars, 60, 136-137, 139
Touring models, 178-179, 229
Bohlin, Lennart, 152
Bosch Digital Motor Electronics (DME), 12, 124, 197, 236

Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection, 36, 44, 46, 47, 51, 83
Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection, 35, 36, 46, 83
Bostin, Dave, vii
Brabham, David, 273
Brabham, Geoff, 275
Bracq, Paul, viii, 177
brake pad wear indicator, 53
brakes, 7, 40-41, 99
318i, 84, 101
320, 48, 61-62
323i, 52, 58
325e, 93
325i, 96
Compacts, 218, 219
E30, 82
E36, 188
E46, 287-289
Evolution M3 (Evo), 242
M3, 111, 117, 127, 137-139, 142, 238, 246, 249
race cars, 58, 61-62, 137-139, 142, 272
Touring models, 179
Bratenstein, Rainer, 60
Brekus, Richard, 252
Brun, Walter, 56
Brundle, Martin, 58
Buchelhofer, Robert, 201
bumpers, 26, 29, 80, 94, 111, 115, 167, 186
Burgstaller, Alex, 268, 269, 275
Busby, Jim, 73-74

C

cabriolets. See convertible models
camshafts, 31-32, 46, 69, 236, 247. See also double overhead camshaft (DOHC); single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
carburetors, 29, 33, 37, 38, 43, 83
Carp, David, vii-ix
catalytic converters, 8
318i, 36, 83, 91
325i Cabrios, 169
E36, 190, 197
E46, 283, 285
eta engine, 45, 90
M3, 110, 139-140
CBC (Cornering Brake Control), 289
Cecotto, Johnny, 138, 140, 142, 154-156, 158-159, 253, 255, 269, 273,
275-276
Cecotto car, 11, 122, 124, 126
chain drive, 31-33, 109
Chatriot, Francois, 152, 154
Cheever, Eddie, 58-61, 75
Chrysler Corporation, 19, 21
Cleland, John, 271
Colebunders, Danny, 152
collector"s choices, 10-12
Compact models (318ti), 10, 101, 103, 183, 191, 217-226
E46, 218, 282, 292
sporting options, 223-226
US market, 220-226
Computer Aided Design (CAD), viii, 227
computer systems. See electronic
systems
convertible models
02, 18
320/6, 50
325iC, 95-98, 163-170, 207, 210-213
changes in, 164-166
E30, 7, 79
E36, 10, 193, 207-215, 240
E46, 215, 289-292
Evo, 240
M3, 121-123, 235, 240, 250
options, 167, 215
production totals, 11-12, 163, 192, 199, 210-212
UK/European market history, 88, 100, 163, 164, 166, 168-170
US market history, 163, 164, 166-168, 210-212
cooling systems, E46, 12, 284-285
Coplen, Erik, viii
corrosion prevention, 29, 281
coupes
E36, 12, 19, 199-206, 235, 240, 246, 250, 263
E46, 283, 289, 291
Craw, Nick, 4, 62
Crowe, Trevor, 152
Cserkuti, Jozef, 143
CSL lightweight coupes, 56
Cunningham, Peter, 261
cylinder block, 32-33, 109, 241, 247, 284

D

Daimler Benz, 15
Daimler Chrysler, 19, 21
Danner, Christian, 158, 160
dashboard. See instrumentation
Designworks, 281
Dethlefsen, Don, 161
diesel engines, 6-7, 12, 31, 44, 45, 79, 230-232, 269, 288
Digital Motor Electronics (DME), 12, 124, 197, 236
double overhead camshaft (DOHC), 31-32, 63, 66, 101, 102, 109, 133, 191, 206, 236
Duez, Marc, 152, 154, 261

E

E21, viii, 1, 3, 14, 92
aerodynamics of, 6
air conditioning, 52
body design, 28, 29
engines for, 34-37
European market, 286
production totals, 10, 41-42, 181
race cars, 5, 60, 66
US market, 25, 26
E30, 6, 7, 10, 14
aerodynamics of, 79, 80, 99
body design, 7, 29
convertibles, 163-164, 168
debut, 78
engines for, 36
European market, 79, 86-88

M3, 105
press comments, 83-84
production totals, 10-11, 43, 45, 86, 181-182, 192-193
race cars, 141, 144, 146, 154-155, 162, 263
sales, 8
Touring model, 7, 11, 79, 177-181, 228
US market, 35-36, 79, 116, 120
E30/7, 132
E32, 115
E36, viii, 2, 10, 14, 33, 183-198
aerodynamics of, 6-7, 183, 185-186, 188, 203
body design, 29, 188
Compact models, 10, 101, 103, 183, 191, 217-226
convertibles, 10, 193, 207-215, 240
coupes, 19, 199-206, 235, 240, 246, 250, 253
gasket problems, 191
handling, 186-190
M3, 234-250
motors, 190-191
options, 193-196, 198, 200-201
performance, 183, 190-192, 196-197, 214, 229-230
production totals, 10-12, 19, 183, 193, 199-201, 210-212, 228
quality control, 198
race cars, 11, 162, 263-278, 270-273
sales, 101, 183, 185, 192-195, 197,
210-212, 280
Touring models, 10-11, 193, 227-232
US market, 168, 185, 188, 193-196, 199-205, 234-235
E46, 2, 12, 31-33, 95, 157, 279-292
4x4s, 171
aerodynamics of, 7, 282
body design, 29, 281-282
Compacts, 218, 282, 292
convertibles, 215, 289-292
development of, viii, 281-285
options, 291
press comments, 279-281
sales of, 1-3, 280
specifications, 285-289
Touring models, 227, 228, 289-291
Ecclestone, Bernie, 132
Ederer, Georg, 33
Eggenberger, Rudi, 56
electronic systems. See also All Season Traction Control systems
4x4s, 172-173
325e, 94
325i, 96, 98
E30, 6, 79
E36, 190, 194-195, 213, 214
E46, 283, 285, 287-289, 291
engine controls, 12, 33, 35
Evolution M3 (Evo), 242-243
M3, 118, 236, 241
emissions, 1, 33-36, 45, 92, 115, 231, 235, 283-284. See also catalytic converters; eta engine
Engel, Karsten, 252
engines, 30-42. See also performance; specific engines, e.g. 2.5-liter engine
02, 32-34
codes, 31
development of, 12
early 3 Series, 32-34
engine/vehicle combinations,
identification of, 31
Ertl, Harald, 66-68
eta engine, 7, 25, 31-32, 43-45, 89-91, 93-95, 100, 115. See also 325e
Europameister, 11, 124, 125
Evolution M3 (Evo), 11, 110, 123-130, 193, 234, 240-243
race cars, 139-140, 146, 153-154, 156
Sport, 8, 126-130, 139-141, 156
experimental vehicles, 131-132
exterior. See body design

F

Fiat, 18
Fischhaber, Toni, 143
FIZ (Forschung und Ingenieur Zentrum), 23
Flohr, Wolfgang Peter, 107, 146
fog lamps, 78, 84
Formula 2 engine, 56, 60, 68
four-cylinder engines, 31-32, 36, 41, 101-103. See also 1.6-liter engine; 1.8-liter engine; 2.0-liter engine; 2.3-liter engine
02 heritage of, 32-33
American model year changes, 84-86
convertibles with, 163, 210, 212-214
coupes, 203-204, 206
E36, 190, 191, 193
E46, 282-285
M3, 116, 127
for racing, 56, 62-63, 108-110, 265
Touring models, 178
Frowein, Werner, 131-132

fuel consumption, 6, 35-36, 38, 45, 46. See also eta engine
318i, 85
320/6, 47
320i, 230
325e, 95
E36, 192, 204-205, 214
E46, 285
eta engine, 89-90
Evo M3, 241
M3, 114, 116, 235, 243
fuel injection, 18, 29, 33-38, 43, 83
fuel tank
320/6, 49
Compacts, 218
E36, 186
M3, 113, 118, 137
race cars, 137
six-cylinder models, 100

G

Gardner, Frank, 74
gasket failures, M42, 191
gasoline-fueled engines. See engines
gearbox, 36. See also SMG
(Sequential Motorsport Gearbox); transmission
318i, 84
320, 50, 62
323i, 52, 53
325e, 85, 94
325i, 96
E36, 191
M3, 113, 117, 138, 139, 236
race cars, 62, 138, 139, 153, 274
Giroix, Fabien, 148, 154
Gow, Alan, 263
Grand Prix 1.5-liter turbo motors, 5
Grand Prix V10 engines, 106
Grau, Sandy, 140
Gravett, Robb, 142
Group 5 BMW 320s, racing performance of, 58-63, 66, 68

H

Hahne, Armin, 140, 158, 160, 256
Hainge, Martin, 239
Halsmer, Pete, 260
Harvey, Tim, 155, 264-265
hatchbacks. See Compact models
Hazell, Jeff, 274
headlamps, 29, 100

Heger, Altfrid, 148, 158, 162
Hennige, Peter, 65
Hezemans, Toine, 67
Hobbs, David, 5, 69, 70, 72, 74-75
Hoffman, Max, 17
Hofmeister, Wilhelm, ix, viii
Holley, Peter, 153
Honda, 12
hood, 30, 186
Höttinger, Markus, 5, 66-68
Hoy, Will, 155
Hufstadt, Kalli, 56

I

ignition, transistorized, 47
instrumentation, 9, 30
318i, 78, 84
320/6, 50
E30, 79
E36, 191-192, 240
M3, 112-113, 118, 153, 240
Isetta-BMW, 15
Italian automobile industry, design influence of, viii

J

Japanese market, 7, 25, 26, 35, 86-90
Jones, Alan, 149

K

Kalbfell, Karl-Heinz, 107-108, 236, 273
Kelleners, Helmut, 56
kidney-style front grille, ix, 8, 29, 129, 185, 214
Kitman, Jamie, 163
K-Jetronic fuel injection. See Bosch
K-Jetronic fuel injection
Klausler, Tom, 72
Knudsen, Gary, 73
Kolk, Martin, 134-135, 283
Kolleuberg, Heinz, 108
Krebs, Albrecht, 65
Kugelfischer unit, 34, 63

L

Lamm, Charley, 146
Lamm, John, 185
Le Mans V12 engines, 106
Lenne, J. J., 147
Liesner, Markus, 140
limited-slip differential, 195, 291
323i race car, 58
325is, 96
Evolution M3 (Evo), 242
M3, 112, 113
ZF, 191, 238
L-Jetronic fuel injection. See Bosch
L-Jetronic fuel injection
Lopes, Alain, 152
Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) standards, 283
Luthe, Claus, viii
Lyons, Pete, 170
Lyons, William, viii

M

M1, 68, 132-133
M3, 4, 8, 31, 38, 100, 105-114. See also Evolution M3 (Evo)
aerodynamic design, 110-111,
129-130
convertibles, 121-123, 235, 240, 250
coupes, 12, 199-206, 240, 246, 250
E36, 234-250
Lightweight (M3L), 12, 247
options, 246
performance, 110, 113-117, 122-125, 127, 129, 131, 133-135, 140-141, 153-154, 156, 237, 240-247
press comments, 233-234
production totals, 10-12, 105, 121, 123-124, 139, 240
race cars, 8, 11-12, 79, 105, 131-149, 151-162, 251-261
in US market, 110, 115-120, 127,
233-235, 240, 244-250
M6, 116
M10, 31-34, 37
M12/7 Formula 2 BMW motor, 55,
60-63
M12/9, 69
M12/13 series, 66
M20, 31, 43-45, 83
M21, 31
M35, 153
M40, 31-32, 102-103
M42, 31, 101, 103, 190-191, 197, 209
M43, 31-32
M47D, 269
M50, 191, 236, 244
M52, 244
M57, 31
M60, 43-45, 95
M60 diesel, 100-101
Malcher, Jean Pierre, 152
Mansell, Nigel, 58
Martin, Jean-Michel, 160
Mathern, Friedrich, 15
Mayer, Teddy, 72-73
McLaren BMW, 5, 70-74, 156, 274, 275
McLaren International, 106
McLaren North America, 59, 106
Meeuvissen, Annette, 140
Melcher, Theo, 33, 44
Meyerhuber, Wilhelm, viii
Milberg, Jochim, 21
Milner, Tom, 257, 259
MINI, 20
Mitchell, Robert D., 115
Morris, Paul, 275
Moss, Stirling, 177
MSR (motor drag torque control), 289
MSS50, 241
Muller, Siggi, 56
Muller, Yvan, 272

N

Neerpasch, Jochen, 59, 107
Nehse, Wolfgang, 243
Nicholson, John, 71
Nicholson McLaren engines, 68
Nissen, Kris, 140, 156, 160, 255
noise levels, 30, 35, 79, 198, 247, 283

O

OBD (On Board Diagnostics), 283
Oestereich, Markus, 152, 154
on-board computer. See electronic
systems
Osswald, Bernhard, 28, 37
overhead camshaft, 32-33, 43-44, 47. See also double overhead camshaft (DOHC); single overhead camshaft (SOHC)

P

Percy, Winston, 58
Perin, Michel, 152
Peterson, Ronnie, 59-61, 68, 69, 73, 75
Piech, Ferdinand, 20-21
Pischestrieder, Bernd, 19, 21
Piper, John, 153
Piquet, Nelson, 133
Pirro, Emanuele, 154
Potter, David, 153
power steering, 8, 39
318i, 78, 84, 101
320/6, 47
323i, 53
325i, 96
Compacts, 220
E36, 187
M3, 117
Prodrive, 106, 135, 146-146, 152-155
Prototype Technology Group (PTG), 106, 251-252, 257-261
Pukl, Otto, 235

Q

Quandt family, 15-16
Quester, Dieter, 58-59, 131, 140, 260
Quiros, Javier, 260

R

race cars, 33, 55-63
318i, 263, 265-269
320, 55-63
320i, 4-5, 56, 66, 71, 263, 265
320-McLaren, 5
323i, 57-59
528i, 106
635CSi, 106
2002, 17, 18
Alpina-BMW, 56
CSL lightweight coupes, 56
E21, 5, 60, 66
E30, 141, 144, 146, 154-155, 162, 263
E36, 11, 162, 263-278
four-cylinder engines, 108-110
M3, 8, 11-12, 79, 105, 131-149, 151-162, 251-261
Mille Miglia 328, 6
Sport Evo, 139-140
rack-and-pinion steering, 38-39, 47, 81, 111, 187
Radermacher, Karl-Heinz, 79
radiator, 47, 69
rallies, French and Belgian, 1989, 152-154
Ravaglia, Roberto, 134, 138, 140-142, 145, 146, 148, 151, 152, 154, 156, 268, 274-275, 277-278
Ravaglia car, 11, 122, 124, 126
rear side glass, hooked surround to,
8, 29
Redman, Brian, 60
Regensburg factory, 23, 193, 240
Reitzle, Wolfgang, 21
Richards, David, 147
Richards, Jim, 149
roll bars. See also anti-roll bars, roll cage, and rollover bar 94, 187,
287, 138
roll cage, 136
rollover bar, 7, 208
Rolls Royce, 20-21
Rosche, Paul, 32, 44, 65, 66, 68-69, 73, 107-109, 156, 273-275
round taillights, vii-viii, 3
Roundel badge, 13
Rover Group, 10, 19-21

S

S14, 31, 105, 109, 133
S42, 269-271
S50, 236, 247
safety features, 7, 12, 30, 58, 98, 188-190, 203, 207-208, 218, 281, 229
Said, Boris, 260
Saward, Joe, 276, 278
Schmuck, Karl, viii
Schnitzer, Herbert, 146
Schnitzer, Josef, 62, 65, 66
Schnitzer team, 68, 70, 106, 143, 146, 151, 155, 156, 158, 160, 263, 275
Schönbeck, Hans Erdman, 79
seats, 30, 91, 112, 186, 192, 203, 239-240
Service Interval Indicator 6, 35, 78, 79, 84, 96, 98, 118, 284
Setright, L. J. K., 79
Sicke, ix, 2, 8
Siemens, 12, 214, 241
Simo, Mark, 259
single overhead camshaft (SOHC), 31, 37, 103, 190, 283
six-cylinder engines, 28, 31-33, 42, 95, 132, 253. See also 3-liter engine; 3.2-liter engine; eta engine
320/6, 46-51
convertibles with, 163, 210, 212-214
coupes, 204-206
development of, 43-45
E30, 36
E36, 184, 190, 191, 193, 234-235, 244
E46, 279-280, 282-284
fuel-injected, 83
power steering and, 39
race cars, 62-63
Touring models, 178
slant four, 109, 133
slant six, 33, 44, 240, 282
SMG (Sequential Motorsport Gearbox), 235, 243-244
Snijers, Patrick, 152
Snyers, Patrick, 57
Solex 4A1 carburetor, 44
Solex 32 33 DIDTA carburetor, 37
Soper, Steve, 138, 140, 142, 145, 158, 160, 265, 269, 272, 274
Spartanburg, South Carolina, factory, 18-19, 21, 185, 193
spoilers, 60, 99, 111, 125-126, 129, 139, 153, 178, 186, 246
Sport Evolution, 11
Stappert, Dieter, 107
steering, 30, 111, 112, 187-188. See also power steering; rack-and-pinion steering
M3 race cars, 138
variable-ratio, 100
Stommelen, Rolf, 60
Strotman, Mike, 140
Stuck, Hans, 59, 60, 70, 73, 75, 156, 261
Stuck, Hans Joachim, 68
Surer, Marc, 56, 58-61
Sytner, Frank, 152, 153-154, 155

T

tires. See wheels and tires
Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR), 57, 106, 264
tool kit, 30
torque. See performance
Touring models, 100, 288
02, 18, 177, 228
325i, 98, 177-178
E30, 7, 11, 79, 177-181, 228
E36, 10-11, 193, 227-232
E46, 227, 228, 289-291
production totals, 11-12, 192, 228
traction. See All Season Traction Control systems; limited-slip differential
Tritec Motors Ltd., 19-20
turbocharging, 12, 18, 100, 109, 114, 133. See also 320T
twin overhead-camshafts. See double overhead camshaft (DOHC)

U

unleaded fuel, 36-37, 45
US automobile industry, design influence of, viii

V

V8 saloons, 15
V12, 31-32
V12 LMR, 66
van de Poele, Eric, 147
van Dedem, Arthur, 152
VANOS system, 12, 214, 236, 241, 244, 285
Vic Lee Motorsport (VLM), 154-155, 264-265
Villeneuve, Gilles, 61, 75
Vogt, Winfred, 147, 151
Voight, Thomas, 138
Volkswagen, 20-21
von Falkenhausen, Alex, 17, 32-33, 107
von Kuenheim, Eberhard, 19, 21

W

Walkinshaw, Tom, 61-62. See also Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR)
warranties, 84, 176, 193
Warthofer, Gunther, team, 271, 272
Watson, John, 58
Wensberg, Erik, 257
wheels and tires
4x4s, 174
318i, 78, 84
320 race cars, 62
320/6, 48, 50
323i, 58
325e, 94
325i, 99
Compacts, 220
convertibles, 210
E30, 81
E36, 188
Evolution M3 (Evo), 242
M3, 111, 127, 130, 136, 139-141, 146, 237, 245-246
race cars, 58, 136, 139-141, 146, 264
Touring models, 179, 229
Williams, Barrie, 59
Williams Grand Prix Engineering, 106
Williams team, 274
Willows, Chris, 88
windows, electric, 79, 86
Winkelhock, Joachim, 156-158, 160, 266-268, 271, 272, 274-278
Winkelhock, Manfred, 56, 58-61, 63
Wirbelwanne, 32-33
Wirth, Nick, 159
Wollek, Bob, 60
Wyer, John, 60